The Mass (Introductory Rite

Structure of the Mass.

The Mass is divided into four; i.e two rites and two liturgies:-

  1. Introductory rite
  2. Liturgy of the word
  3. Liturgy of the Eucharist
  4. Concluding Rite


  1. Introductory rite


Begins with a procession to the sanctuary where the main celebrant begins the mass with the sing of the cross. The procession is accompanied by an appropriate entrance hymn which should be appropriate and be fitting with the liturgical season.

The Order of procession is in the following order:

  1. The Incense and Thurible carrier (If available)
  2. The Crucifix bearer
  3. Candle bearers
  4. Other ministers (Liturgical dancers, Small Christian community, Extraordinary Eucharistic minister(s))
  5. Deacon
  6. Priest (Main Celebrant)

There is a profound bow before the sanctuary, then,

Veneration of the Alter and a sign of kissing only by the Priest and the Deacon.

The Sign of the Cross that begins the Mass at the sanctuary (Usually the President’s Chair is appropriate)

 Greeting of the People

The special greetings given to the congregation is Biblical, where the celebrant says; the grace of our Lord Jesus Christ, and the Love of God, and the Communion of the Holy Spirit be with you.

Response: And with your spirit

Penitential act

The Penitential Act is a response of the faithful who acknowledge the sinful nature of the human beings. It is a confession before God and to fellow human beings. General confession, but not the Sacrament of Confession.


Gloria is an ancient and venerable hymn in which the Church, assembled in the Holy Spirit, praises and entreats God the Father and the Lamb. Should not be replaced by any other. It is to be sung or said. Is not sung on Advent and Lent.

The Collect

The Priest collects all the intercessions of the believers and presents them to God. This closes up the Introductory Rite of the Mass.

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7 thoughts on “The Mass (Introductory Rite”

  1. 1.what about the burning of incense?
    2. Although not yet there,,,, about the reading-where do those words come from before reading the main verse?

    1. In sense is a sign of Priesthood.
      The Scriptural reference in the Old Testament uses incense as a sing of priesthood prayer. so the smoke that goes up, is meant to signify prayer being offered by the Priest.
      By virtue of our baptism, we are common priests, so we can also offer prayers by use of incense.

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