The Mass (Brief History)

In a very brief and simple but systematic form, here is how the Mass developed.

After the commissioning of the Twelve Apostles by Jesus, they set out to begin the work as commanded by the Teacher. Paul becomes another significant figure in this work after his conversion.

The main focus and Teaching of the Apostles was centred around the Breaking of the Bread. This was in the 1st Century (33-100 AD).

Essential Items at the Sanctuary

The Seven Sacraments of the Catholic Church

Categories of the Sacraments

Infant Baptism

Baptism

The Apostles created communities (What we call Church today), that met in houses on the day after the Sabbath (Sunday) because this was when Jesus rose from the dead. By the end of the first century, the ageing Apostles had their successors who continued with the same work, but with serious persecution from the Roman Empire, Pagan religion and the Jewish believers at the time.

The Apostle Paul was able to cover a greater geographical area since as a persecutor, he had more connections and knew how to work with the territory of Rome. Peter, on the Other hand, became more centred on the Jewish land (Christians who were former Jews). Peter still holds the highest position because he is the one given the seat to oversee the Universal Infant Church.

The persecution forced the many of the early believers to flee, and the most welcoming part of the world at the time was in the European territories. They fled with all the teachings and the Traditions received from their leaders (Apostles). The main tradition here was the Breaking of the Bread and reading the Stories from their fore Fathers (Old Testament)

The Early Church Leaders in their celebration of the Breaking of the Bread incorporated the reading of the Scripture (Old Testament). So, today we refer to the latter as the Liturgy of the Word and the former as the Liturgy of the Eucharist.

The teaching of the 1st Century Christian is considered as the Infant Church whereas the Church in the Europe region grows and matures for around 1800 years. The 1800 years forms the Tradition which also develops the Tradition of Jesus Himself and the 1st Century.

Essential Items at the Sanctuary

The Seven Sacraments of the Catholic Church

Categories of the Sacraments

Infant Baptism

Baptism

Christianity in the 1st Century (Jerusalem, Judea, and Samaria), survived for less than 100 years due to the intense and immense persecution, whereas Christianity in Europe, gains more growth and maturity for a larger number of years (1800 years); 2nd Century to the 18th Century.  Others set foot in Egypt.

2nd to 18th Centuries

Here, the Liturgy develops and is organized under the influence of the different ages and periods that force the Church Fathers to make the Celebration of Mass more experiential and reasonable. Christianity grows and matures in Europe between the eve of the 2nd Century and 18th Century, before entering into Africa.

The Roman Catholic Church organizes the celebration of Mass into the four parts that we use today:

Right from the Council of Jerusalem (49AD) to the Second Vatican Council (1963-1965), the Church has hosted about 21 councils. All of these councils were held in Europe except the Jerusalem Council, which was in Jerusalem (Modern Day Israel).

Essential Items at the Sanctuary

The Seven Sacraments of the Catholic Church

Categories of the Sacraments

Infant Baptism

Baptism

The Long Period of Christian Maturity develops the various names that we use to refer to the Breaking of the Bread. Some of these terms include:

  1. The Mass
  2. Liturgy
  3. Eucharist
  4. The Last Supper

Christianity Entering in Africa

Otto Von Bismarck, a German Councilor, calls for a Conference Congregation of the European Countries in 1885. The Conference is held at Berlin, which was now referred to as the Berlin Conference.

At the meeting, the countries present agreed to enter into the interior of Africa and colonize. This process was referred to as the Scramble for Africa.

The European superpowers scrambled for Africa where for instance the French took the Western parts of Africa, The British took control of the Eastern parts of Africa and even formed some regions as their Protectorate and Germany featured in Tanzania for instance.

This wave of colonization led to constructions of majorly the railways.

The Missionaries followed suit and managed to enter into Africa under the protection and direction of the colonial countries. The railway network facilitated the spread of Christianity into the interior of Africa.

But, most of the Early Missionaries suffered a greater natural disaster, for instance; The Lions of the Tsavo Game Reserve tasted the human flesh and were referred to as the Maneaters, other missionaries were affected by the mosquito-infested areas and died of malaria, e.t.c.

So, the Colonial era also influenced the spread of Christianity into Africa.

Conclusion

This is a brief history that will serve as a background in understanding the Liturgy. Kindly Share the post to spread the word.

Thanks; Jude.

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