Liturgy of the Word

It begins by an appropriate procession hymn of the word of God. The Liturgy of the word is marked by three readings and chants in between.

The Readings: –

  1. First Reading – from the Old Testament
  2. Psalms – Chants between the readings
  3. Second Reading – New Testament
  4. Gospel Acclamation/ Special Acclamation – Welcomes the Gospel reading
  5. Gospel – The main reading with a special theme.
Essential Items at the Sanctuary

Liturgy of the Eucharist

Concluding Rite

Seven Sacraments of the Church

Infant Baptism

First Reading

The readings are proclaimed from the Old Testament. Usually, the main figures in the Old Testament, are the Prophets, who are classified as the Early Prophets and the Canonical Prophets.

These readings are usually connected with the main theme of the day which is rooted from the Gospel and originate from the forefathers.


A Psalm is to be sung, since the term psalm is of Hebrew origin to mean, sing.

All the liturgical songs that are sung in the Mass, are usually in line with the 150 Psalms.

The responsorial Psalm connects the Theme of the Gospel reading to the theme of the Old Testament Reading.

Second Reading

These may not necessarily be of the same theme as the Gospel, but occasionally has applicable teaching to the Gospel.

The Second reading is rooted from the New Testament, majorly from the Pauline literature; the Letters and Epistles.

Gospel Acclamation/Special Acclamation

The main theme is found in the Gospel and this theme is welcomed by an acclamation, where the Faithful are invited to stand.

The Standing is a sign of reverence that an important guest (Jesus) is going to speak, and we stand to respect the guest.

The Gospel

The Gospel is to be read by the Deacon. The Priest reads the Gospel if there is no Deacon in that Mass and marked with a cross as a sign of reverence and a kiss after proclaiming it.

Standing of the Faithful while listening to the Gospel, is the dominant culture since it has been a practice for over 1900 years. Whereas in other communities, sitting down on the ground is a sign of respect.


The Church proclaims both the Old and New Testaments.

The readings are the word of God handed on to us and written under the influence and guidance of the Holy Spirit.

Essential Items at the Sanctuary

Liturgy of the Eucharist

Concluding Rite

Seven Sacraments of the Church

Infant Baptism


It is an integral part of the Liturgy and is strongly recommended.

It is necessary for nurturing of the Christian life.

Whether the homily explains the text of the Sacred Scriptures or some other text of the liturgy, it must always lead the community of the faithful to celebrate the Eucharist actively.

This preaching is only to be delivered by the Priest.

The profession of Faith.

This is the respond/assent given by the assembled congregation to the word of God heard in the readings and through the homily and before the celebration of the Eucharist.

General Intercession

The congregation of the Faithful prays in the following order:

  1. The universal church and its leaders
  2. The civil authority; country, governments, etcetera
  3. The Family
  4. Special needs; poor, needy, marginalized, etcetera
Essential Items at the Sanctuary

Liturgy of the Eucharist

Concluding Rite

Seven Sacraments of the Church

Infant Baptism


The Liturgy of the word is an important and integral part for preparation and formation of faith of believers and also a requirement for the reception of the Eucharist. We can only begin the Liturgy of the Eucharist after listening to the Word of God and being formed by a Homily/Preaching (Liturgy of The Word).

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